Publication ‘Ermittlung der weggeworfenen Lebensmittelmengen’

Uploaded by: Jennifer Wiegard
Uploaded on: 27th March 2019
Author(s): Bundesministerium für Ernährung und Landwirtschaft (BMEL) Germany

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The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) assumes that around a third of the food produced for human consumption worldwide is lost or thrown away.  This would amount to about 1.3 billion tons per year. At the same time, according to FAO estimates, around 925 million people suffer from hunger and malnutrition.

Along the food value chain (production, processing, transport, trade and disposal), natural resources are used and consumed to a high degree.  As food that has already been produced is not consumed, these natural resources are lost. This results in negative effects on the environment (e.g. land consumption, eutrophication, impairment of biodiversity, CO2 emissions, etc.).

The aim of the research project was to estimate the quantities of food waste produced in Germany on the basis of statistics, research, literature, surveys, expert discussions and random individual tests in the household sector. In addition, proposals for reducing the disposable rate of food should be developed.  A distinction was made between the food industry, wholesale and retail trade and consumers (bulk consumers and households). The estimation of food waste in agriculture is very costly and was not carried out in this research project. This is reserved for separate investigations.

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